Government Research Guide

  Government: A Guide to Reference Sources


Library Catalog Article Databases
Requests Government Collections
in Olin Library
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Background Sources


Related Subject Guides in Government Studies:
        General Resources


British Parliamentary Papers
        Political Theory/Thought


European Statistics and Data
        US Politics and Government


European Union Documents
        Comparative Politics


Finding State Legislation
        International Relations


Peace Studies


Polling and Public Opinion Data


Statistics Sources for the Social Sciences
        Articles, essays, dissertations...   


Treaties and International Agreements
Policy briefs, research reports. etc


UN Documents
       Online archives US Government Documents in Olin Library


Encyclopedias and Dictionaries Biographical Sources Handbooks and Country Guides

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries
Selected titles for political science terms and concepts. Some sources also include biographical sketches of key invidividuals in government and politics.

Bealey, F., & Johnson, A. G., eds The Blackwell Dictionary of Political Science.Oxford, UK ; Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishers, 1999. [Cornell Networked Resource; Also available in print: Olin Reference, JA 61.B43 1999z ]

Explanations for 1,000 words and phrases in political science. Many entries include bibliographies. Extensive cross-references

Comfort, N.A. Brewer's politics : A Phrase and Fable dictionary.London: Cassell, 1993.
[Olin Library Reference, JA 61.C73]

Political science terms, political phrases, and even nicknames, with a British slant. Where else would you find an explanation for the phrase, "watching for googlies?"

McLean, Iain and Alistair McMillan, eds. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics. 2nd ed. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2003.
[Cornell Networked Resource; Also available in print: Uris Library Reference, JA61 .C665x 2003]

"Covering political institutions, concepts, leaders, and thinkers, the second edition of this best-selling dictionary of political terms has been fully revised and updated with over 200 new entries. New entries include commentary on the Middle East, ethnic cleansing, NGOs, and direct action. With an international and wide-ranging scope, the dictionary encompasses issues such as voting theory and feminism, to Chinese and Muslim political thought." [publisher]

Biographical Sources:
American National Biography. New York: Oxford University Press.
[Cornell Networked Resource]

Biographical dictionary of about 17,500 notable, non-living, American men and women from all eras of American history. The ANB Online features thousands of illustrations, more than 80,000 hyperlinked cross-references, and links to selected web sites.

BGMI: Biography and Genealogy Master Index. Detroit : Gale Research, Inc.
[Cornell Networked Resource]

"Indexes current, easily accessible references sources, as well as important retrospective works that cover individuals, both living and deceased, from every field of activity and from all areas of the world." [publisher]

Kavanagh, Dennis. ed. A Dictionary of Political Biography.. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.
[Cornell Networked Resource: Also available in print: Olin Library Reference, D412 .D53x 1998]

"Compiled by an expert team of contributors, this dictionary covers all the major figures in world politics of the twentieth century. Authoritative and wide-ranging, it describes and assesses the lives of more than 1000 men and women who have shaped political events across the world. Each entry includes an account of the background, career, and achievements of the individual concerned, balancing fact with critical appraisal." [publisher]

Tip: Press Ctrl F on your keyboard and type biograph to find additional sources with biographical entries
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Handbooks and Country Guides:

CIA World Factbook. Washington, D.C. : Central Intelligence Agency, 1981 -.
[Cornell Networked Resource]

"The CIA World Factbook is produced by the Central Intelligence Agency to provide comprehensive basic intelligence for the US Government. It contains extensive information on all the countries of the world, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, including hundreds of maps and flags.

Crahan, M.E., et. al. The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World. 2nd ed. Oxford; New York : Oxford University Press, 2001.
[Cornell Networked Resource; Also available in print: Olin Library Reference, JA 61.O95x 2001]
Europa World. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
[Cornell Networked Resource]

Europa World is the online version of the Europa World Year Book. Both the print version and the online version provide political and economic information on countries and territories throughout the world as well as international organizations. An interesting feature of the online version is the database of comparative statistics. Although the data is fairly basic, the ability to quickly create tables and charts comparing data across countries may be useful.

Day, Alan, Richard German and John Campbell. Political Parties of the World. 4th ed. London : Cartermill ; New York : Stockton Press, 1996.
[Olin Library Reference, JF2051 .D39x 1996]

Although some of the contact information may now be somewhat out-of-date, this reference work also provides useful background information on political parties worldwide. "The aim of PPW is to make available within a single volume concise, current, and objective information....on significant parties in all countries and dependent territories of the world, placed within the context of the prevailing constitutional, electoral and parliamentary situation." [Introduction, vii] Economist Intelligence Unit, the Economist.[London] : Economist Intelligence Unit, 2002- .
[Cornell Networked Resource]

A virtual library offering all of the EIU’s publications. Includes Country reports, Country Profile, CountryData, CityData, Market indicators and Forecasts.

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Buhle, Mari Jo, Paul Buhle, and Dan Georgakas, eds. Encyclopedia of the American Left. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
[Olin Library Reference, HX86 .E58x 1998]

"Defined as that segment of society that has sought fundamental changes in the economic, political, and cultural systems, the subject does not include reformers who believe that change can be accommodated to existing capitalist structures, or who believe that an egalitarian society can be attained ultimately within national borders. By placing a strong emphasis on radicals -- anarchists, socialists, and communists -- the Encyclopedia of the American Left has been able to delve into many topic that are otherwise little known or that are frequently discussed without relation to their actual Left context. [Preface, ix] Well indexed with numerous cross-references, each entry is signed and includes a list of sources for further reading.

Clarke, Paul Barry and Joe Foweraker, eds. Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought. London and New York: Routledge, 2001.
[Olin Library Reference JC423 .E54x 2001 + ]

Covers key concepts and issues in democracy. Articles, written by subject experts, range from 1-6 pages and include lists of further readings. Includes scholarly essays on Direct Action, Participation, Social Movements, etc.

Frohnen, Bruce, Jeremy Beer, and Jeffrey O. Nelson, eds. American Conservatism. : an Encyclopedia. Wilmington, Del. : ISI Books, 2006. [contributor biographical information]
[Olin Library Reference, JC573.2.U6 A43 2006 +]

Published by the Intercollegiate Studies Institute, this single-volume reference source explores conservative thought on a wide variety of social, political, and foreign policy issues, with additional entries on conservative thinkers, publications, and organizations important to the development of American conservative thought.

Hawkesworth, Mary and Maurice Kogan, eds. Encyclopedia of Government and Politics. 2nd edition. 2 vols. London ; New York : Routledge, 2004.
[Uris Library Reference JA61 .C66x 2004 ]

Chapter-length essays on 88 different topics describe the history of the field, theoretical aspects, and current issues. A bibliography is included with each entry.

Miller, David, ed. Blackwell Encyclopedia of Political Thought. Oxford, UK; New York, NY, USA : B. Blackwell, 2000, c1987.[Cornell e-book; Also available in print: Olin and Uris Library Reference, JA61 .B63]

"...outlines the thought of leading political theorists, past and present, and considers the way in which thinking about politics has evolved historically. " [preface]

Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online
[Cornell Networked Resource]

Online version of the 10-volume Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Can be browsed by philosophical themes, philosophies, historical periods, and religions. Full text entries can be searched by keyword, title, contributor, or bibliography.

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Congress Executive Judiciary Elections and Parties US Foreign Policy

See also:

Finding State Legislation: A Research Guide and Bibliography
Policy Papers/Research Papers


Safire, William. Safire's Political Dictionary. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, c2008. [Olin Library Reference, JK9 .S2 2008]

."Safire's Political Dictionary is a stem-to-stern updating and expansion of the Language of Politics, which was first published in 1968 and last revised in 1993, long before such terms as Hanging Chads, 9/11 and the War on Terror became part of our everyday vocabulary. Nearly every entry in that renowned work has been revised and updated and scores of completely new entries have been added to produce an indispensable guide to the political language being used and abused in America today." [publisher's website]

The United States Government Manual.(Online) Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1993-. [Also available in Olin Library Reference, JK 421.A3]

"As the official handbook of the Federal Government, the United States Government Manual provides comprehensive information on the agencies of the legislative, judicial, and executive branches. It also includes information on quasi-official agencies, international organizations in which the United States participates, and boards, commissions, and committees." [GPO] Includes a searchable index.

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Congressional Procedures, Committees, Members   Legislation & the Legislative Process

Congressional Procedures, Committees, Members:

Bacon, Donald C., Roger H. Davidson and Morton Keller, eds. Encyclopedia of the United States Congress. 4 vols. New York : Simon & Schuster, c1995. [Olin Library Reference, JK1067 .E56 1995]

Covers Congress as an institution, major legislation and legislators, constitutional powers, and rules and regulations. Includes a series of eight essays on the historical development of Congress, articles exploring the links between Congress and the other branches of government, the role of interest groups and the press. Another series of articles describe the processes of congressional elections, apportionment and districting, candidate emergence, campaigning, and voting patterns.

Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-2005 : the Continental Congress, September 5, 1774, to October 21, 1788, and the Congress of the United States, from the First through the One Hundred Eighth Congresses, March 4, 1789, to January 3, 2005, inclusive.Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O.:, 2005. [Also available in hardcopy, Olin Library Reference JK 1010.A5 2005+]

"This edition, the culmination of more than seven years of work by the Senate Historical Office and the Office of History and Preservation of the House of Representatives, contains biographies of the nearly 12,000 individuals who served in the 1st through the 108th Congresses as well as the Continental Congresses between 1774 and 1789, and all vice presidents. The biographies are supplemented by a historical list of cabinet members and membership rosters of each Congress." [Senate web site]

Canon, David T., Garrison Nelson and Charles Stewart III. Committees in the U.S. Congress, 1789-1946. 4 vols. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, c2002. [Olin Library Reference, JK1029 .C64x 2002 +]

Committees in the U.S. Congress, 1789-1946, along with the companion set covering 1947 - 1992, documents appointments to the U.S. congressional committee system. Each section begins with a Committee History that identifies how, (resolution number) and when the committee was established. See: Committees in the U.S. Congress, 1947 - 1992, below.

Congressional Deskbook. Alexandria, VA : TheCapitol.Net, Inc., c2000- . [Olin Library, JK1021 .C5593 +; Latest volume in Reference]

"The Congressional Deskbook is the comprehensive guide to Congress, now in its Fifth Edition. This 15 chapter publication explains the legislative and congressional budget processes along with all aspects of Congress." [publisher website]

Congressional Quarterly's Guide to Congress. 5th ed. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, 2000. [Olin Library Reference, JK1021 .C74 2000]

"The core of the book is contained in the first three sections: history; powers; and procedures of the institution. These are followed by more detailed examination of related subjects such as pressures on Congress; pay, housing, qualifications, and ethics of members; and how Congress is elected." [preface] The Appendix offers a Glossary of Congressional Terms and additional facts and figures on a variety of topics, e.g., The Longest Sessions of Congress; Lame Duck Sessions since 1945; Attempted and Successful Cloture Votes, 1919-1998; the Capitol Floor Plan, and many more.

Kravitz, Walter. American Congressional Dictionary. 2nd ed.Washington, DC : Congressional Quarterly, 1997.[Olin Library Reference, JK9 .K91 ]

While there are free, online sources for some of these terms (see, C-SPAN Congressional Glossary), this pocket reference includes many terms not found elsewhere. "Focusing on the procedures and rules of Congress, this handy dictionary features almost 900 entries arranged alphabetically; for easy acess, the terms are cross-referenced. When applicable, the explanations discuss the differences in procedure, practice, and terminology between the Senate and House. Many of the terms are illustrated with examples from history or include the historical origins of the word." [publisher jacket}

Martis, Kenneth C. and Gregory A. Elmes. The Historical Atlas of State Power in Congress, 1790-1990. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, c1993. [Olin Library Reference, JK 1342.M38 H6 +]

Map apportionment changes from 1790 - 1990 for each state. Part 1 provides a historical overview of Congressional apportionment, including tables detailing the number of representatives apportioned, percentage of gains and losses, and gains and losses of proportional power following each decennial census. Part 2 provides a more detailed analysis of census apportionment, organized by census year. Part 3 offers additional geographical analysis, e.g. Original and New States: 1790-1850 Apportionments, Free and Slave States: 1790-1860, Rural and Urban Places: 1870-1930, and Sunbelt and Snowbelt: 1970 - 1990.

Nelson, Garrison with Clark H. Bensen. Committees in the U.S. Congress, 1947-1992. 2 vols. Washington, D.C. : Congressional Quarterly, c1993- . [Olin Library Reference JK 1029.C64x 2002]

Documents committee appointments following the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946. See Committees of the U.S. Congress, 1789-1946, above.

Struglinski, Suzanne, ed. Almanac of the Unelected: Staff of the U.S. Congress. Bernan Press: Lanham, MD.
[Olin Library Reference, JK1083 .A44; earlier editions in the stacks. (1994, 1996 - .) ]

" profiles of more than 600 senior Congressional committee staff members, including dozens of new members who have come from law firms, government agencies, and the private sector. The profiles contain professional history and experience, areas of expertise, educational background, specific legislative contributions, current contact information, and a photograph if available." [publisher web site]

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Legislation and the Legislative Process:

See also: Policy Papers/Research Papers
CQ Congress Collection: Making sense of representative democracy. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, 2003 - .

CQ Congress Collection is a full text research and reference database allowing historical analysis of Congress from the 97th (1981) and covering members, their legislative voting behavior, interest groups, and their interactions in crafting public policy. The database integrates encyclopedic entries, legislative policy histories, chronologies, statistics, biographies, ratings, maps, demographic and electoral data, as well as roll call votes (with key votes since the 91st Congress). Among site features are comparative and advanced analysis, weblinks, and the CQ Electronic Library.

National Journal Group’s Policy Central. Washington, D.C. : National Journal Group, c2001 - .

Comprehensive resource on politics and policy for the academic community including: National journal, Almanac of American politics, The hotline, Ad spotlight, National Journal’s CongressDaily, Markup reports, National Journal’s Technology daily, Poll track and American health line

Congress and the Nation: A Review of Government and Politics. Quadrennial. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, 1965 - . [Olin Library Reference, JK271 .C74 +]

Beginning with a 2,000 page volume covering national government and politics from 1945 - 1965, each successive edition covers governmental action during a four-year presidential term. The volumes are organized by major policy issues -- e.g., Economic Policy, Foreign Policy, Defense Policy, etc.-- within each term. The Appendix includes a variety of supplementary materials, such as a glossary of Congressional terms and a chart on key House and Senate votes.

Congressional Quarterly Almanac. Annual. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly. 1948 - .[ Olin Library Reference, JK1 .C66 + ]

Summarizes the major legislative action of each annual session of Congress. Grouped under broad subject headings, each summary gives an overview of the legislation, pointing to relevant bills, reports, and amendments. Includes key votes, roll call votes and vote studies. Highly recommended.

CQ weekly (Online). Washington, D.C. : Congressional Quarterly, Inc.
[Cornell Networked Resource].

Highly recommended as a starting point for legislative research. Articles summarize the work of the U.S. Congress, including the status of bills, votes and amendments, floor and committee activity, backroom maneuvering, etc.

Directory of Congressional Voting Scores and Interest Group Ratings. 4th ed. 2 vols. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, c2006. [Olin Library Reference, JK1051 .S555 2006 + ]

A comprehensive compilation of voting scores and interest group ratings covering every member of Congress since the beginning of the 80th Congress in 1947. Some of the rating categories are not available in this compilation until about the mid-1950s. Members are scored in support of or opposition to the "Conservative Coalition" position, in support of or opposition to their party, and in support of or opposition to the president. A fourth category, Voting Participation, represents the percentage of recorded votes on which a member voted 'yea' or 'nay'.

The interest group ratings, "...represent the percentage of votes on which the individual member voted in favor of a special interest group's position on a set of issues of concern to that group."[Introduction, viii-ix] The Introduction is essential reading for understanding the voting scores

United States. Congress. Senate. Library. Presidential Vetoes: 1789-1988 and Supplement 1989- 2000. [Olin Library Reference, J 80. A8 1789-88; J 80.A8 Suppl. 1989/00]

"The purpose of this publication is to provide a comprehensive listing of the Presidential vetoes of legislation enacted by the Congress....It is also intended as an aid in the study of the relationship between the executive and legislative branches of the United States Government and of its system of checks and balances." [preface]

See also: CRS report: Presidential Vetoes: 1789 - present (2004): A Summary Overview

Public Interest Group Profiles. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press and the Foundation for Public Affairs, c2004-.
[Olin Library JK1118 .P96; Latest volume in Reference, earlier eds in stacks (1988 - 2002) ]
  • America�s most influential groups, as identified by the Foundation for Public Affairs and CQ Press
  • Multiple indexes, including a name index that allows users to determine the multiple affiliations of directors and leadership staff
  • Internship and employment contact information to help users discover career opportunities in public advocacy
  • Expanded information on leadership, group political activities, and funding sources
Silbey, Joel H., editor-in-chief. Encyclopedia of the American Legislative System : Studies of the Prinicipal Structures, Processes, and Policies of Congress and the State Legislatures Since the Colonial Era. 3 vols. New York : C. Scribner ; Toronto : Maxwell Macmillan Canada ; New York : Maxwell Macmillan International, c1994. [Uris Library Reference, JF 501.E53x 1994]

Contributors include historians and political scientists....Six sections are arranged thematically: the American legislative system in historical context; legislative recruitment, personnel, and elections; legislative structures and process; legislative behavior; legislatures and public policy; and legislatures within the political system. [ARBA 1995] .

For Primary Sources, see US Government Documents in Olin Library.

See also:

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Background Sources   Budget and Appropriations

Background Sources

Federal Regulatory Directory. Washington: Congressional Quarterly Inc. 1979/80 - . [Olin Library JK610 .F29; Latest volume in Reference]

"The Federal Regulatory Directory (FRED) provides...analysis of regulations as well as the history, structure, purpose, actions, and key contacts for every regulatory agency in the U.S. government. Now updated with the most current information and an improved searching structure, FRED continues to be the indisputable best source for understanding federal regulations..." [publisher's web site]

Kurian, George T., editor-in-chief. A Historical Guide to the U.S. Government. New York : Oxford University Press, 1998. [Olin Library Reference, JK9 .H57x 1998]

A wealth of historical background on the offices and agencies of the executive branch of the federal government. There are also entries on key concepts/issues of the Executive, e.g., the "Budget Process", "Executive Power", "Supreme Court Decisions on the Presidency", and more. Entries are organized alphabetically and include bibliographies for further reading. The volume concludes withh an Appendix of 26 Basic Documents of Public Administration, arranged chronologically.

Whitnah, Donald R., editor-in-chief. Government Agencies. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1983. [Olin Library Reference, 21 .G66. Also available in Uris, ILR and Law ]

"Offering concise histories of more than 100 federal agencies, this encyclopedia covers nearly all existing agencies, as well as important former ones. Essays average 5 to 6 pages in length and focus on the agency's major achievements, failures, administrative structure, and any significant internal friction and external controversy. Each essay is signed; the contributors are mostly academicians with prior published work on the particular agency. Brief annotated bibliographies are included. Coverage is quite broad; included are entries such as the Export-Import Bank of the U.S., the Council of Economic Advisors, and the Smithsonian Institution. There are also longer essays on each Cabinet department. This work will be valuable both for general readers and students. For library reference collections it can serve as a convenient historical complement to CQ's Federal Regulatory Directory." [publisher's web site]

Budget and Appropriations

Budget of the United States
Online from 1997 - . Latest print volume in Olin Reference, HJ2051 .A59 +. Earlier editions (1924 - ), in the Olin stacks.

Issued by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the Budget of the United States Government is a collection of documents that contains the budget message of the President, information about the President's budget proposals for a given fiscal year, and other budgetary publications that have been issued throughout the fiscal year. Other budget items, such as related publications and supporting materials, are included, which may vary from year to year. More...

House Ways and Means, Green Book.
Online from 1996 - . Latest print volume in Olin Reference, HC110.P63 B12. Earlier issues (back to 1981) in the Olin stacks.

The House Ways and Means Committee Green Book provides program descriptions and historical data on a wide variety of social and economic topics, including Social Security, employment, earnings, welfare, child support, health insurance, the elderly, families with children, poverty and taxation. It has become a standard reference work for those interested in the direction of social policy in the United States. It is compiled by the staff of the Committee on Ways and Means of the U.S. House of Representatives. GPO Access contains the Green Book 1996, 1998, 2000 and 2004.
Created to comply with the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Transparency Act), this website provides easy access to Government contract, grant and other award data.
  1. The name of the entity receiving the award;
  2. The amount of the award;
  3. Information on the award including transaction type, funding agency, etc;
  4. The location of the entity receiving the award;
  5. A unique identifier of the entity receiving the award.

See also:

US Government Documents in Olin Library.

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Epstein, Lee. Supreme Court Compendium: Data, Decisions & Developments. 3rd ed. Washington, DC : CQ Press, c2003.[Olin Library Reference, KF8742 .S914x 2003]

A comprehensive collection of data and related information on the US Supreme Court.

Finkelman, Paul and Melvin I. Urofsky. Landmark Decisions of the United States Supreme Court. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, c2003. [Olin Library Reference, KF4549 .F56x 2003 + ; Note: The Cornell Law Library also has the 2008 edition ]

Organized chronologically, more than 1000 entries on the most important U.S. Supreme Court decisions from the very first case, in 1791, through 2002. Includes indexes by case and subject. Appendices include the Constitution of the United States, Confirmed Supreme Court Nominations, by Nominating President, 1789-2002, Membership Changes in the Supreme Court, by Chief Justice, 1789-2002, and a Seat Chart of the Supreme Court Justices.

Janosik, Robert J. ed. Encyclopedia of the American Judicial System: Studies of the Principal Institutions and Processes of Law. 3 vols. New York : Scribner, 1987. [Olin Library Reference, KF154 .E56 1987]
Johnson, John W. ed. Historic U.S. Court Cases: An Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. 2 vols. New York : Routledge, 2001. [Olin Library Reference, KF385.A4 J67 2001 + ]

Contributors include historians with constitutional or legal specialties, political scientists who specialize in public law, law professors, practicing attorneys, and academics from related fields. Arranged by theme -- criminal law; governmental power; economic regulation; race, gender, sexuality and disability; and civil liberties -- and then chronologically within each theme. Each section begins with a short introduction outlining the material covered.

The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions. Oxford University Press, 1999.
[Cornell Networked Resource]

"This dictionary includes all 400 entries on major Supreme Court cases through history published in the acclaimed Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States, in addition to approximately 45 new entries for the post-1991 decisions. It also gives entries on the U.S. Constitution, and the nominations and successions of justices. Terms covered in the Companion are briefly defined and explained, and a complete case list is given." [Oxford Reference Online]

Urofsky, Melvin I., ed. Documents of American Constitutional & Legal History. Philadelphia : Temple University Press, 1989. [Olin & Uris Library Reference, KF4502 .D635 1989 ]

"Great cases" of the Supreme Court, as well as ...."decisions from state and lower federal courts, and a number of noncase items that affected American constitutional development....Each document has a brief introduction pointing out its significance and providing signposts so that the student may understand how it relates to larger developments. Cross-references to appropriate documents are included, as is a brief list of additional readings for those seeking further information." [preface, iv]

Vile, John R. Encyclopedia of Constitutional Amendments, Proposed Amendments, and Amending Issues, 1789-2002 2nd ed. Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, 2003. [Olin Library Reference, KF4557 .V555x 2003 + ]

Entries range from a single paragraph to six pages. Each essay consists of an essay on an amendment, a proposed amendment, or a related theme, e.g., Major Constitutional Reforms Introduced Outside Congress, Influential Individuals, Influential Organizations, Supreme Court Decisions, and Unresolved Issues. Most articles include a list of suggested further readings. Appendices include Dates Amendments were Proposed and Ratified, Number of Amendments by Decade, Most Popular Amending Proposals by Year & Key Events, and more.

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Background information   Election data

Background Information on US Elections:

Moore, John L. and David Tarr. Congressional Quarterly�s Guide to U.S. Elections. 5th ed. 2 vols. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press ; London : Eurospan [distributor], c2005. [Olin Library Reference, JK1976 .C74 2005 +]

"For basic information on the electoral process, in-depth analysis on specific eras and issues, or anything in between....includes in-depth historical coverage of every major aspect of federal and gubernatorial elections in the United States....New material and features include: Data on the 2002 and 2004 Senate and House races, the 2004 presidential contest, 2001 to 2004 gubernatorial elections, and special elections like the 2003 California gubernatorial recall and election; Overviews of electoral climate, context, and issues affecting the 2002 and 2004 elections, including the impact of domestic policy issues such as gay marriage, foreign policy issues such as the war in Iraq, and character issues; Analyses of specific elections, such as the 2004 presidential primary season, Democratic and Republican conventions, and the general election; Discussion of the impact of technology, such as debates over computerized voting and internet fundraising; Mid-decade redistricting, including the controversial changes in Texas; Court cases and legislation about election issues; Coverage of reform efforts; Analysis of voter turnout." [publisher web site]

Moore, John L. Elections A to Z. 2nd ed. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, c2003. [Olin Library Reference, JK1976 .M57x 2003 ]

"...more than two hundred entries on running for the House, the Senate, the Presidency, and statewide offices. Included are discussions on campaigns, primaries and the general election process, and the roles played by political consultants, the media, and political parties. Topics such as campaign finance, presidential debates, term limits, and the fate of majority-minority districts are thoroughly researched and explained. Also included are discussions of constitutional amendments, voting-related legislation, and Supreme Court cases that have shaped the modern electoral process...." [preface] Entries are concise, ranging from several paragraphs to several pages. Table of Contents.

Kurian, George Thomas and Jeffrey D. Schultz, eds. The Encyclopedia of the Republican Party ; The Encyclopedia of the Democratic Party 4 vols. Armonk, NY : Sharpe Reference, 1997. [ Olin Library Reference, JK2352 .E53 1997 ]

"Each encyclopedia is divided into four sections: history; issues and ideology; elections, conventions,and platforms; and biographies. The biographies feature prominent individuals associated with each party, including presidents, vice presidents, governors, senators and representatives, both winning and losing candidates. Each encyclopedia, carefully cross-referenced for easy navigation, concludes with several invaluable appendixes,including the constitutions and bylaws of the party, lists of the senate and house leadership, party defectors, party convention sites and dates, names of all party chairpersons, the locations of state party committee headquarters; and a thorough index." [M.E. Sharpe web site]

Ness, Immanuel and James Ciment, eds. The Encyclopedia of Third Parties in America. 3 vols. Armonk, NY : Sharpe Reference, c2000. [ Uris Library Reference, JK2261 .E474x 2000 ]

"Part 1 consists of 8 historical essays, each of which attempts to place the development of third political parties in each historical period (e.g., the Early Republic, the Jacksonian Age, the Civil War and Reconstruction). Part 2 is an alphabetic listing of more than 115 third political parties, including the less well-known ones, at the various levels, from the early republic to the present. Part 3 provides biographical information on more than 100 of the important figures of third parties....Accompanying each entry is a brief bibliography. Also included are 40 full-color maps, photographs, and tables, as well as a glossary, a bibliography, a subject index, a biographical index, and a geographic index..." [excerpt from a review by Binh P. Le , ARBA 2007; ARBA online]

Maisel, L. Sandy and Charles Bassett, eds. Political Parties & Elections in the United States : an Encyclopedia. 2 vols. New York : Garland Pub., 1991. [ Olin Library Reference, JK2261 .P633x 1991 ]

Information on U.S. political parties and elections from colonial times through 1991. Almost 1,200 entries, including many biographical sketches. References for further reading are provided with each entry.

Southwick, Leslie H. Presidential Also-Rans and Running Mates, 1788 through 1996. 2nd ed. Jefferson, NC : McFarland & Co., c1998. [ Olin Library Reference E175.1 .S695x 1997 ]

Biographical sketches of the losing candidates for president or vice president.

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Election Data:

See also, Congressional Quarterly�s Guide to U.S. Elections, above.

CQ Voting and Elections Collection.Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, Inc.
[Cornell Networked Resource]

CQ Voting and Elections Collection integrates a wealth of data, authoritative analyses, concise explanations, and historical material to provide a powerful research and reference tool on the American voter, major and minor political parties, campaigns and elections, and historical and modern races for Congress, the presidency, and governorships. Browse.

  • Presidential elections: covers electoral votes from 1789, popular votes from 1824 with county level from 1920.
  • Congressional elections: covers the House from 1824, Senate from 1908 with county level from 1968.
  • Gubernatorial elections from 1824 with county level from 1968.
Dubin, Michael J. United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, c1998. [Olin Library Reference, JK1967 .D77x 1998 + ]

Results of the popular vote elections to the United States Congress from the First Congress in 1788-1789 through 1997. Includes sections on Runoff Elections, Special Elections, and Incomplete Returns for each Congress. Also included are notes "... to explain causes of vacancies and, primarily during the civil war era, unique electoral circumstances: counties or towns whose tallies were rejected, returns reported too late or missing, votes cast for candidates under different spellings, members elected to one Congress but not seated until the following Congress, or in some instances members who were elected after Congress had adjourned and who therefore never served." There is also an index of the nearly 800 political parties, beyond Democrat, Republican Independent, with which the candidates have been affiliated and an index to the candidates. Detailed source notes are also included for each Congress.

Dubin, Michael J. United States Presidential Elections 1788-1860: The Official Results by County and State. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., c2002. [ Olin Library Reference, JK524 .D778x 2002 + ]

The author pieced together disparate information sources to provide a compilation of presidential election statistics, by county, extending back to 1788.

Presidential Elections: 1789 - 2000. Washington, DC : CQ Press, c2002. [Olin Library Reference, JK524 .P6783x 2002 + ]

This single-volume resource offers background essays on the evolution of the electoral process and includes basic election statistics for each presidential election through 2000. A separate section covers electoral votes, including electoral maps and votes charts for each election.

Voting America: United States Politics, 1840 - 2008.

Developed by the Digital Scholarship Lab (DSL) at the University of Virginia, "Voting America examines the evolution of presidential politics in the United States....The project offers a wide spectrum of cinematic and interactive visualizations of how America voted in presidential elections at the county level..." [About the project] Center for Responsive Politics. 1999 - .

Offers several searchable databases of campaign contributions at the federal and state levels, by candidate and donor. Also includes databases for PACs, lobbyists, and Congressional committees, as well as the CRP newsletter and catalog of publications. Print editions, back to 1990, available in the Olin Stacks, JK 1991.M23

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Brune, Lester H. Chronological History of U.S. Foreign Relations. 2nd ed. 3 vols. New York : Routledge, 2003. [Olin Library Reference, E183.7 .B745z 2003 + ]

Provides year-by-year detailed coverage of U.S. foreign relations activities from 1776 through 2000. Extensive chronological cross-references, bibliography, and comprehensive cumulative index. [publisher web site]

Chapman, Bert. Researching National Security and Intelligence Policy. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, c2004. [Olin Library Reference, Olin UA 23.C5135 2004 ]

"Written by an ARL librarian, Researching National Security and Intelligence Policy examines and annotates the rich variety of unclassified print and electronic resources available to users studying the formulation of national security policy in the U.S. and throughout the English-speaking world. Resources analyzed for their accessibility and usefulness include U.S. Government executive branch documents and other national security policy documents produced by English language governments. Coverage includes the print and electronic literature produced by independent agencies and commissions, public policy and academic research think tanks, and in books and scholarly journals. Background information on the origins and development of national security policy study in the U.S. is included as are sidebar features that provide unique and useful tips on high-interest national security topics including:

  • Bioterrorism
  • Homeland security
  • Weapons of mass destruction
  • Terrorist groups and sponsors
  • Federal laws
  • Treaties and alliances " [publisher's web site]
DeConde, Alexander, Richard Dean Burns, and Fredrik Logevall, editors-in-chief. Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy. 2nd ed. Thomson/Gale, c2002. [Cornell Networked Resource; Also available in print: Olin Library Reference E183.7 .E52x 2002 + ]

Treats concepts and doctrines, policymaking, commerce and science, human rights and arms control, with specific articles on topics ranging from anti-imperialism to environmental diplomacy, from refugee policies to terrorism and countermeasures. Also includes a chronology.

Jentleson Bruce W. and Thomas G. Paterson, senior editors. Encyclopedia of U.S. Foreign Relations. 4 vols. New York : Oxford University Press, 1997. [Olin Library Reference, E183.7 .E56 1997 ]

Prepared under the auspices of the Council on Foreign Relations, this 4-volume set offers 1,024 articles covering the history of US foreign relations since 1776. "The work is organized alphabetically. Entries include names (e.g., all presidents and secretaries of state); countries; events (e.g., the American Revolution); U. S. departments and concepts (e.g., balance of power). The list of contributors is impressive, including Arthur Schlesinger, Walter LaFeber, and Richard Rosecrance. Entries are cross-referenced, and each includes a list of resources for further study. Appendixes supply a detailed chronology of U.S. foreign relations, national data on 185 United Nations members, and an extensive bibliography arranged by subject." [excerpt from a review by Joshua Cohen, ARBA 98; ARBA Online]

Primary Resources

About Foreign Relations of the United States. US Dept of State. Office of the Historian. See holdings in print below. The University of Wisconsin is also currently digitizing volumes from this series from 1861- 1960 (not complete).

Papers relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States, 1870-1946 [catalog record] and Foreign Relations of the United States: Diplomatic Papers [catalog record]. Department of State, United States of America. [ Olin Library Lower Level, JX233 .A3 ]

Supplements: "Emergence of the intelligence establishment" (1945/1950)
"The intelligence community" (1950/1955)
Foreign Relations of the United States: electronic facsimile [electronic resource] *
*Some years may not be available. Please check resource for coverage. See below for print holdings in Olin Library.

This digital facsimile of Foreign Relations of the United States is a project of the University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries in collaboration with the University of Illinois at Chicago Libraries. This is an incomplete run from 1861-1960 with missing volumes being added as they can be acquired and processed.

....There are two cumulative indexes covering 1861-1899 and 1900-1918. The organization of FRUS is generally chronological, but the dates of the volumes do not necessarily reflect the dates of documentary history. For example, the volumes for 1900-1918 do not include the records dealing with World War I or the Russian Revolution. Each volume has a subject and author index. There is also typically a table of sources and abbreviations at the beginning of each volume. Many volumes published since 1945 are available online on the State Department website that is maintained by the University of Illinois at Chicago. A full description of Foreign Relations of the United States, including a listing of the online FRUS volumes, is available from the Office of the Historian website.

Library Catalog: LC Subject Heading: United States--Foreign Relations--Sources

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Forsythe, David P. editor-in-chief. Encyclopedia of Human Rights. 5 vols. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2009.
[Also available in print: Olin Library Reference, JC571 .E673 2009 +]

"This major five-volume encyclopedia offers comprehensive coverage of all aspects of human rights theory, practice, law, and history. The set will provide situation profiles and full coverage of the development of the movement, historical cases of abuse, the key figures, major organizations, and a range of other issues in economics, government, religion, and journalism that touch on human rights theory and practice"...more [publisher's website].

Gastil, Raymond. Freedom in the World. New York : Freedom House, 1978- .

An annual survey of global political rights and civil liberties, published by Freedom House.

Goldstone, Jack A. ed. Encyclopedia of Political Revolutions. Washington, D.C. : Congressional Quarterly, c1998. [Uris Library Reference, JC491 .E63x 1998]

"The Encyclopedia of Political Revolutions chronicles 2000 years of political revolutions and features approximately 300 articles providing answers to specific questions as well as in-depth treatment of events and trends. It includes descriptions of specific revolutions, important revolutionary figures, and major revolutionary themes; generous use of illustrative material; special analyses of the role of women, art, literature, and music; biographies of seminal figures; and cross references, bibliographies, and a detailed index." [publisher's web site]

Griffiths, Ann L. ed. Handbook of Federal Countries, 2005. Montreal : Published for Forum of Federations, by McGill-Queen’s University Press, c2005.
[Cornell Networked Resource]

"As a project of the Forum of Federations, an international network seeking to strengthen democratic governance through federal values, practices, and principles, the 2005 handbook is an essential sourcebook of information, with maps and statistical tables in each chapter. The international authors examine a wide range of themes including the development of federalism in the country, the constitutional provisions relating to federalism, and the country's current political dynamics. The authors also include sources readers can consult for more information." [McGill-Queen's University Press web site]

International Encyclopedia of Human Rights : Freedoms, abuses, and remedies. by Robert L. Maddex.
Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, c2000. [Olin Library Reference, JC571 .M3243x 2000 + ]

"Giving the broadest scope to the terms human rights and freedoms, this reference encompasses constitutional rights and freedoms as well as those addressed in international and regional agreements."

Kurian, George Thomas, ed. World Encyclopedia of Parliaments and Legislatures. 2 vols. Washington, D.C. : Congressional Quarterly, c1998. [ Olin Library Reference, JF511 .W67x 1998 ]

"The World Encyclopedia of Parliaments and Legislatures is a record of the state of parliamentary democracy around the world. It looks at the development of the parliamentary form of government in more than 190 countries, including those where such a development has been arrested by political events." [preface] Also included are the European Parliament of the European Union and the United Nations General Assembly.

The second part of the encyclopedia consists of 14 essays covering, The European Parliament, Executive-Legislative Relations, Legislative Committees, Legislative Voting Behavior, Legislators and Constituents, Lobbying, Parliamentary Libraries, The Parliamentary Ombudsman, The Parliaments of New Democracies: The Experience of Central Europe, Second Chambers, Systems of Representation for Legislatu8res in Democracies. Televising Parliaments, The United Nations General Assembly, and Women and Minorities in Parliaments.

Lipset, Seymour Martin, ed. Encyclopedia of Democracy. 4 vols. Washington, DC : Congressional Quarterly, c1995. [Uris Library Reference JC423 .E53 1995 ]

Signed articles by 200 leading scholars. Topics include democratic participation, country and regional studies, and key democratic documents. Each article includes a bibliography.

Motyl, Alexander, editor-in-chief. Encyclopedia of Nationalism. 2 vols. San Diego, Calif. ; London : Academic Press, c2001. [Olin Library Reference, JC311 .E4996x 2001 + ]

Covers concepts, figures, movements and events. Each entry begins with a glossary of key terms and a topical outline. Entries include cross-references to related entries and a list for Further Reading.

Rose, Richard, editor-in-chief. International Encyclopedia of Elections. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, c2000. [Olin Library Reference, JF1001 .I57x 2000 + ]

"...more than 150 articles (from Absentee voting to Women: Enfranchisement) ranging in length from a few hundred to several thousand words. The encyclopedia covers each of the more than 170 countries that have held direct elections or national referendums in this decade....

The International Encyclopedia of Elections also features:

  • Definitions of terms
  • Explanations of relevance in the electoral process
  • Important geographical and historical examples
  • Problems and solutions in different areas of election analysis.

....[also] includes a detailed appendix that gives the chief features of electoral systems in nations throughout the world. This tabular presentation allows quick answers to questions about voting, age, compulsory voting or not, ballot form, number of elected seats, type of contest (proportional, representative, or winner take all) and much more." [excerpted from the publisher's web site]

ACE Electoral Knowledge Network.

The website contains in-depth articles, global statistics and data, an Encyclopaedia of Elections, information on electoral assistance, observation and professional development, region- and country-specific resources,

Szajkowski, Bogdan, ed. Revolutionary and Dissident Movements of the World.London: John Harper Publishing, c2004. [Olin Library Reference, JC328.3 .D43 2004 +]

"Comprehensive coverage of secessionist, revolutionary, religious fundamentalist and other dissident and terrorist groups. Index of more than 5,000 organizations and individuals." [publisher's web site]

Library Catalog: LC Subject Heading: Comparative Government
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Bledsoe, Robert L. The International Law Dictionary. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, c1987.
[ Olin Library Reference, JX1226 .B635 ]

See also: Grant, John P. and J. Craig Barker, eds. Parry and Grant Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law. 2nd ed. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y. : Oceana Publications, 2004. [ Law Library Reference, KZ1161 .P37x 2004 ]

Brownlie, Ian. ed. Basic Documents in International Law. 5th ed. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2002. [Olin Library Reference, KZ64 .B37 2002 ]

A concise collection of some of the key documents in international law. Includes introductory annotations with suggestions for further reading. [Table-of Contents, OUP]

Defense & Foreign Affairs Handbook. Washington, G.R. Copley. 1976/77 - . [ Latest edition in Olin Library Reference UA10 .D31 +; earlier editions in Olin stacks ]

Political, economic and defense data on every country in the world

Jones, R.J. Barry. Routledge Encyclopedia of International Political Economy. 3 vols. London ; New York : Routledge, 2001. [Olin Library Reference, HF 1359.R68x 2001]

"This three volume Encyclopedia offers the first comprehensive and authoritative survey of the rapidly developing field of international political economy. Its entries cover the major theoretical issues and analytical approaches within the field. The set also provides detailed discussion of the contributions of key individuals and surveys a wide range of empirical conditions and developments within the global political economy, including its major institutions.
The Encyclopedia has been designed to be eclectic in approach and wide-ranging in coverage. Theoretical entries range from discussions of the definition and scope of the field, through core methodological questions such as rationalism and the structure-agent problem, to surveys of the major theories and approaches employed in the study of the international political economy. " [publisher website]

See also: Statistics Sources for the Social Sciencs: Economic and Financial Statistics -- International

Phillips, Charles L. and alan Axelrod. Encyclopedia of Historical Treaties & Alliances. 2 vols. New York : Facts on File, c2001. [ Olin Library Reference, KZ1160 .P48x 2001 + ]

Osmacyzk, Edmund Jan. Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements. Edited and revised by Anthony Mango. 4 vols. 3rd ed. New York : Routledge, 2003. [ Olin Library Reference, KZ4968 .O84x 2003 + ]

This 4-volume work offers a comprehensive overview of the United Nations and the UN system, including entries on intergovernmental organizations and nongovernmental organizations with connections to the work of the UN. Also included are the texts of 50 declarations of the UN General Assembly and the texts of major human rights instruments. Articles are arranged alphabetically and most entries conclude with a list of sources for further reading.

Grenville, J.A.S. and Bernard Wasserstein. Major International Treaties of the Twentieth Century: a History and Guide with Texts. London ; New York : Routledge , c2001. [Olin Library Reference, JX171 .G823 2001 ]

"....surveys the history of treaty-making throughout the twentieth century. It accessibly provides the texts of all the major treaties that either continue in force today, or are of historical importance. These treaties are essential for an understanding of recent history and for analysis of current international relations" [preface]

The Military Balance. London, International Institute for Strategic Studies. 1959 -. [ Latest volume in Olin Library Reference, UA15.L84 M6 ]

A region-by-region analysis of the major military and economic trends and developments affecting security policy and the trade in weapons and other military equipment. Comprehensive tables portray key data on weapons and defence economics. Defence expenditure trends over a 10-year period are also shown. [IISS]

SIPRI yearbook / SIPRI, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Stockholm : Almqvist & Wiksell, 1972- .
[ Latest volume in Olin Library Reference, JX1974 .S84 ]

Security and conflicts
Military spending and armaments
Non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament
The SIPRI Yearbook contains extensive annexes on the implementation of arms control and disarmament agreements and a chronology of events during the year in the area of security and arms control.
The annual accounts and analyses are extensively footnoted, providing a comprehensive bibliography in each subject area. [OUP]

Strategic Survey: the Annual Review of World Affairs. London, International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1966 - . [ Olin Library, UA15.L84 S8. Latest volume in Reference ]

"The book provides essential analysis of key events and issues in international affairs over the past year. It includes a series of detailed maps highlighting topics and trends of particular interest or relevance. " [publisher web site]

The United Nations Disarmament Yearbook. New York, United Nations, 1976 -. [Olin Library, JX1974 .U48. Latest volume in Reference]

Produced by the Office of Disarmament Affairs of the United Nations, covering international activities in the field of disarmament. It discusses the activities of the Conference on Disarmament 2006, International Atomic Energy Agency verification and safeguard activities, and other nuclear safety and security trends and issues. Significant coverage of chemical, biological, and conventional weapons issues is included and disarmament and arms regulation at regional levels is also discussed. Further, Governmental expert studies and United Nations research for 2006 are reviewed. (©2008 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR)

See also: Peace Studies

For primary sources, see:

International Governmental Organizations and NonGovernmental Organizations:


UN NGO Database
Searchable directory of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) Database compiled by the NGO Liaison Office of the Director-General's Office at UNOG. It contains information about the organizations that have Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC).

The Section for Non-Governmental Organizations – Sector for External Relations and Cooperation of UNESCO – has entrusted the Union of International Associations (UIA) with the creation and the maintenance of a customized Database of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), foundations and similar institutions enjoying official relations with UNESCO.
The database contains the profiles in English and in French of the above mentioned organizations, as well as the contact details of their institutional members. The organizations concerned are contacted directly by the UIA to provide their most recent information, as well as the contact details and profiles of their member associations.

Yearbook of International Organizations: Guide to global civil society networks. Annuaire des organisations internationales. Brussels: Union of International Associations, 1948 -.
[Olin Library JX1954 .Y39; Latest volume in Reference]

Vol.1: Organization Descriptions and Cross-references
Vol.2: International Organization Participation: Country Directory of Secretariats and Membership
Vol.3: Global Action Networks : Classified Directory by Subject and Region (Subject volume)
Vol.4: International Organizations Bibliography and Resources (Bibliography volume):
Vol.5: Statistics, Visualizations and Patterns (Statistics volume):
Vol.6: Who's Who in International Organizations

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Dictionary of Statistics & Methodology: A nontechnical guide for the social sciences./ by W. Paul.Vogt. 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1999. [Olin Reference, HA 17.V64x 1999, also available in Mann Reference (3rd edition) ]

Nontechnical definitions of statistical and methodological terms used in the social and behavioral sciences. Includes many cross-references.

Encyclopedia of Social Measurement. edited by Kimberly Kempf-Leonard. 3 vols. San Diego, Calif. ; London : Academic, 2005. [Olin Library Reference, H62.E53 .E53 2005 + ]

Articles include examples and applications of research strategies and techniques, highlighting multidisciplinary options for observing social phenomena. Articles are arranged alphabetically with glossaries, cross-references, and a bibliography for further reading. Descriptions of important data sets and case studies are included. Detailed index.

The Sage Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods. 3 vols. Thousand Oaks, Calif. : Sage, c2004. [Cornell Networked Resource; Also available in print: Olin Library Reference, H 62.E53 ]

"The Encyclopedia features two major types of entries: definitions, consisting of a paragraph or two, provide a quick explanation of a methodological term; and topical treatments or essays discussing the nature, history, application/example and implication of using a certain method. Also included are suggested readings and references for future study." [publisher web site]

ICPSR Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research.
Web-based instructional modules.

Political Analysis: An Annual Publication of the Methodology Section of the American Political Science Association.
[Cornell Networked Resource; Also available in print: Olin Library JA73 .P72]

Library Catalog: Subject Heading: Political science --Research --Methodology


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Online indexes and full-text databases
Newspaper Databases General Article Databases Subject Indexes Dissertations/Theses


Access World News. Chester, Vt. : NewsBank, inc., 200u -.
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Access World News from NewsBank provides full-text information and perspectives from over 600 U.S. and over 700 international sources, each with its own distinctive focus offering diverse viewpoints on local, regional and world issues.

Alt-PressWatch. Softline Information, Inc., 2001 -.
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Full text database of selected newspapers, magazines, and journals of the alternative and independent press. Basic or advanced subject searching takes you to in-depth articles on contemporary society, including coverage of the peace movement, ecology and the environment, labor, indigenous peoples, public policy, and grassroots organizing. This coverage of diverse points of view and perspectives complements the reporting in the mainstream press.

Factiva. New York: Dow Jones Reuters Business Interactive LLC, c2002- . See note about supported browsers.
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Note: Factiva opens to the Newstand page, featuring headlines from the WSJ, NYT, Economist, and more. To search the archives, click the Search link near the top left-hand corner. Factiva provides access to global news and business information, including local newspapers, same-day newswires, company reports, and media programs.

Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Daily Reports, 1974 - 1996.
[Cornell Networked Resource]

Created by the U.S. intelligence community to benefit policy makers and analysts, FBIS Daily Reports offer foreign views and perspectives on historical events from thousands of monitored broadcasts and publications. Translated into English from more than 50 languages, these comprehensive media reports from around the globe include news, interviews, speeches and editorial commentary.

This comprehensive, fully searchable edition of the FBIS Daily Reports is comprised of the reports from...

  • Middle East and [North] Africa (MEA), 1974-1987
  • Near East and South Asia (NES), 1987-1996
  • South Asia (SAS), 1980-1987
  • Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), 1974-1980 and (AFR), 1987-1996
  • China (CHI), 1974-1996
  • Asia and the Pacific (APA), 1974-1987
  • East Asia (EAS), 1987-1996
  • Latin America (LAT and LAM), 1974-1996 (coming Fall 2008)
  • Eastern Europe (EEU), 1974-1996 (coming Winter 200)
  • Soviet Union/Central Eurasia (SOV), 1974-1996 (coming Winter 2009)
  • Western Europe (WEU), 1974-1996. (coming Summer 2009)

The FBIS Daily Reports included in this collection were published from April 1974 through September 1996.

World News Connection, July 1994 - .
A successor to the FBIS Daily reports from the Foreign Broadcasting Information Service and the JPRS reports from the Joint Publications Research Service provided through the National Technical Information Service. The material is obtained from non-U.S. open-source political speeches, television programs, radio broadcasts, newspaper articles, periodicals, and books. The content focuses primarily on military, political, environmental, scientific, technical, and socioeconomic issues and events.

Lexis Nexis Academic. Dayton, Ohio: LEXIS-NEXIS, 1997- .
[Cornell Networked Resource]
A Web-based database providing access to full text resources on topics including current and general news; business and financial information; newspapers; company directories; government and politics; medical and health topics; accounting, auditing, and tax; federal and state laws; legal cases; and regulations. Resources include TV and radio news transcripts. Updated daily.

World Press Review Online. New York, N.Y.:
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Drawing upon publications around the globe, and a network of correspondents in dozens of countries, presents the issues that barely see the light of day in the mainstream press, translating, reprinting, analyzing, and contextualizing the best of the international press. The World Press Review Online website offers full text articles, search options and direct links to foreign media by country. Its archives include back issues with selected articles from the print title, World Press Review.

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Academic Search Premier
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Provides citations and abstracts for articles from over 4,140 journals, and includes full text from over 3,170 journals.

Proquest Research Library
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Research Library, formerly known as Periodical Abstracts, is a comprehensive database available through the ProQuest online system. It indexes and abstracts general interest magazines and scholarly journals in the social sciences, humanities and sciences.

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(Government/Political Science/Law/Public Policy)

PAIS International
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Contains citations to public policy literature of economics, government, law, international business, political science, public administration, and other social sciences. It includes references to journal articles, books, government documents, reports and pamphlets in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese. The print version, Public Affairs Information Service. Bulletin, provides access to items indexed back to 1915. Many entries include brief abstracts. (Olin + Z 7613 P67, Shelved on Olin 2, Range 228, South Wall, Sections 18-17)

America, History & Life and Historical Abstracts
[Cornell Networked Resource]
America: History and Life (AHL) is a complete bibliographic reference to the history of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Historical Abstracts currently covers over 1,700 journals published worldwide in over forty languages. The database comprises over 720,000 entries from periodicals, with full-text links to over 135,000 articles and dissertations and masters’ theses.

[Cornell Networked Resource]
Produced by the American Economic Association, EconLit indexes books, journal articles, dissertations, and articles in books published since 1969. Subjects covered in EconLit include economic theory and history, fiscal theory, econometrics, agricultural economics, public finance, demography, monetary theory, international economics and others.

Hein Online
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Full text access to indexed legal journals and law reviews.

Index to Legal Periodicals and Books
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Citations to articles from over 600 legal journals, yearbooks, institutes, bar association organs, law reviews, and government publications originating in the United States, Canada, Great Britain, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand. Includes book reviews. Prior to 1981, the index is available in print at the Law Library (KF 8 I37).

International Political Science Abstracts
[Cornell Networked Resource]
International Political Science Abstracts is a bibliographic database that indexes and abstracts articles from periodicals published throughout the world. The abstracts summarize the source articles. Begins coverage with 1989.

JSTOR: the Scholarly Journal Archive
[Cornell Networked Resource]
JSTOR is a collection of the back issues of several hundred scholarly journals in the humanities, social sciences, mathematics, music, ecology and botany, business, and other fields.

Philosopher's Index
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Provides indexing and abstracts from books and many journals on philosophy and related interdisciplinary fields published in the U.S. and the Western World. Coverage is from 1940 to the present for U.S. materials, and 1967 to the present for non-U.S. references.

Peace Research Abstracts. Oakville Ont.: Canadian Peace Research Institute. 1964 -.
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Last 5 years of print copies in Olin Reference, Olin Z6464.Z9 P35+
Contains abstracts of journal articles, books, book chapters, govermnent publications, dissertations, significant speeches, conferences and other material related to peace studies. Author and subject (keyword) indexes included.

Project Muse.
[Cornell Networked Resource]
A searchable database that provides access to the full text of journals published by Johns Hopkins University Press and other university presses in the humanities, social sciences, and mathematics. Covers such fields as literature and criticism, history, the visual and performing arts, cultural studies, education, political science, gender studies, and others.

Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), and Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI), Web of Science.
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Indexes articles and citations. Articles can be searched by subject, author, journal, and/or author address. They can also be searched for articles that cite a known author or work. Cited reference searching allows use of a given work as if it were a subject term, to identify more recent articles on the same topic.


ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Coverage begins in 1861 to the present. Dissertations published from 1980 forward include abstracts written by the author. Master’s theses published from 1988 forward include shorter abstracts. More than 600,000 are available in native or image PDF formats for immediate free download. Items not available for download may be borrowed via Interlibrary Loan. Note: Interlibrary Loan staff will also assist users who wish to purchase copies of dissertations via Proquest Dissertation Express.

Government Dissertations in Olin Library
Call number Classification: Thesis JA 36

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US Policy Papers:

Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
Policy analysis and research reports on issues effecting low and moderate-income households.

Open CRS: Congressional Research Reports for the People.
"CRS Reports do not become public until a member of Congress releases the report. A number of libraries and non-profit organizations have sought to collect as many of the released reports as possible. Open CRS is a centralized utility that brings together these collections to search. Unfortunately, there is no systematic way to obtain all CRS reports. Because of this, not all reports appear on the Open CRS web site." [web site]

US and International Policy Papers:

Brookings Institution
The Brookings Institution is a nonprofit public policy organization based in Washington, DC. The website offers news briefs, policy briefs, papers, and more. Programs include: Economic Studies, Foreign Policy, Global Economy and Development, Governance Studies, Metropolitan Policy Program.

Chatham House
Research is structured around three areas:

  • Energy, Environment and Resource Governance, incorporating work on Promoting Climate Security, Enabling Energy Security and Strengthening Sustainable Development Solutions
  • International Economics; and
  • Regional and Security Studies, which includes work on Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, Global Health Security, International Law, International Security, the Middle East and North Africa and Russia and Eurasia.

Chatham House: About Us

CIAO: Columbia International Affairs Online
"Columbia International Affairs Online (CIAO) is designed to be a comprehensive source for theory and research in international affairs. It publishes a wide range of scholarship from 1991 on that includes working papers from university research institutes, occasional papers series from non- governmental organizations, foundation-funded research projects, and proceedings from conferences. It also has more than 160 links to international affairs centers, institutes, and resources; U.S., international, and foreign govenment sites; environmental studies Web pages; and news media services"--From the HOLLIS Plus information screen. Please note: While many of the abstracts are freely available, full text access is restricted to workstations within the Law School.

The Danish Institute for International Studies, DIIS

The Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) is an independent research institution engaged in research in international affairs.The institute draws up reports and analyses and follows developments in international affairs continuously in order to assess the security and foreign policy situation of Denmark, e.g. aspects of relevance with regard to development policy. Research areas include:

Defence and security
Foreign policy and EU studies
Global economy, regulation and development
Holocaust and genocide
Natural resources and poverty
Politics and governance
Religion, conflict, and international politics

Policy Archive: A project of the Center for Governmental Studies and the Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis Library.
PolicyArchive is a new digital archive of global, non-partisan public policy research. The project attempts tocollect and disseminate summaries and full texts, videos, reports, briefs, and multimedia material of think tank, university, government, and foundation-funded policy research. It offers a subject index, an internal search engine, abstracts, and email notifications of newly added research.

RAND Corporation
Provides a searchable collection of RAND research reports in a wide variety of policy areas. Many abstracts include a link to a free pdf.

Research areas include The Arts; Child Policy; Civil Justice; Education; Energy and Environment; Health and Health Care; International Affairs; National Security; Population and Aging; Public Safety; Science and Technology; Substance Abuse; Terrorism and Homeland Security; Transportation and Infrastructure; andWorkforce and Workplace.

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Full-text collections:

JSTOR: the scholary journal archive
[Cornell Networked Resource]
JSTOR is a fully-searchable database containing the back issues of several hundred scholarly journals in the humanities, social sciences, mathematics, music, ecology and botany, business, and other fields. It includes the following collections: Arts & sciences I, II and III, General science, Ecology and botany, Business, Language and literature.

Project MUSE
[Cornell Networked Resource]
Searchable database that provides access to the full text of journals published by Johns Hopkins University Press and other university presses in the humanities, social sciences, and mathematics. Covers such fields as literature and criticism, history, the visual and performing arts, cultural studies, education, political science, gender studies, and others.

Lynn Thitchener (lmk7)
Reference Librarian & Government Selector
Research & Learning Services, Olin & Uris Libraries
Cornell University Library
updated : 4/21/2010







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